Learning and Cognition

A teacher with small children in a classroom playing with toys on a table

'Cognition' refers to the thinking skills and thought processes that a child or young person has gained. Learning needs are on a continum and can vary across subjects and situations.

Children with learning needs may learn at a slower pace than their peers.

Learning difficulties can be general or specific and related to one or more areas. Difficulties may be short-term in one or more areas or severe and long term.

Children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are sometimes considered to have difficulties with social, emotional, and mental health. However, many of the causes of their ‘behaviour’ or ’emotional’ needs are a result of attention, listening and learning difficulties.

You can find out more about Learning and Cognition on Learn Together.

Related Pages

  1. Learning Disabilities
  2. Special Educational Needs Support
  3. Accessibility


  1. Dyslexia/Literacy Difficulties Guidance - Quick Guide for Parents
  2. Dyslexia Full Guidance
  3. Dyslexia Guidance Research
  4. Coloured Lens/Overlays easy read
  5. Position Statement: Coloured Lenses and Vision Therapy - short version
  6. Position Statement: Coloured Lenses and Vision Therapy - long version

External Links

  1. British Dyslexia Association


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